In Italy the Marcia su Roma of the Fascists made them the rulers of the country. The thing here is that this is all based on what we today know asÂ an utilitarian theory of justiceÂ (the main theme of the book is “what is justice” in a man and in a state and “why should we desire it as the highest good“). A person doesn’t repress their animal nature, their lust, their greed, etc, they simply keep it in check and don’t let it steer the ship by using their human reasonÂ (metaphorically speaking, their Aristocracy; their wisdom) and human will (metaphorically speaking, their Timocracy; their discipline)! …And so tyranny naturally arises out of democracy, and the most aggravated form of tyranny and slavery out of the most extreme form of liberty?” –Â BookÂ VIII, “Last of all comes the tyrannical man; about whom we have once more to ask, how is he formed out of the democratical? Socrates was Plato’s teacher, Plato Aristotle’s, Aristotle Alexander the Great’s. The producer and artist are free to seek vice, a perfect liberty afforded to them, but because of this, they should not rule (so yes, Plato is a bit of an authoritarian and conservative and doesn’t extend this liberty in his Republic like a democracy would). It is the sort of book that is only properlyÂ summarized in more words than are contained in the book in the first place. To explain this another way, governments based on the virtues of liberty, equality, and/orÂ wealth only (just those with no “checks and balances“) tend to produce chaos and naturally result in tyranny over time due to aÂ lack the proper restraints (true for a soul, a person, a community, a state, etc). The should-be-producer/but-now-tyrant-in-training rises to the top, crushing other oligarchs as a champion of the punch-drunk people. Be wary of shallow readings. Power must be seized to maintain order. Although,Â perhaps what we are seeing is the start of oligarchy becoming democracy? Admittedly, it took several generations until Tocqueville’s vision became a reality. But, discrimination is intrinsic to a free life, because freedom of will and choice is a characteristic of man and his personality. Our “mixed constitution” was purposefully structured to ensure American virtues via the law. Cycle of Democracy. It is not “life cycle of democracy“. (We are, of course, using the term “liberal” in the globally accepted version and not in the American sense, which since the New Deal has been totally perverted.). In a Democracy, a would-be philosopher turns to pleasure seeking and vice, and a wealthy would-be oligarchy who is charming and amasses fortunes is revered as a success story and is allowed to rise to the top. Although it wasn’t the case with Caesar, most tyrants take more than 4-8 years to fully turn a democracy into a tyrannical state,Â #thanksfounders. Therefore, extreme equality leads to extreme inequality, extreme liberty, that leads to extreme tyranny and despotism. This is the story of figures like Napoleon, Caesar, and Hitler. National Socialism was the “legal revolt” of the common man against the uncommon, of the “people” (Volk) against privileged and therefore envied and hated groups. SUMMARY: To quickly re-sum the above, this page explainsÂ Plato’s Republic in general, but specifically his five regimes and ideal state, and specifically how oligarchy and democracy become tyranny. Remember that Lenin, Mussolini, and Hitler called their rule “democratic”—demokratiya po novomu, democrazia organizzata, deutsche Demokratie—but theynever dared to call it “liberal” in the worldwide (non-American) sense. The answer it provides is: regardless of who rules, government must be carried out in such a way that each person enjoys the greatest amount of freedom, compatible with the common good. We know people are naturally greedy, but for Plato, it is theÂ “producer” class (not everyone) thatÂ is meant to have the mantra “Greed is Good”. Aristotle. In all cases, the aristocratic and wise man, aspect of our human nature, and class provides the necessary restraints. A typical case is the Red October of 1917. Tyler found that democratic societies went through this same cycle again and again and that the cycle lasted roughly 200 years each time. In other words, Sullivan seems right to bring us back to the “cycle of regimes” passage of the Republic in light of current events. I won’t be able to tell each story about “stingers” and populist oligarchs who rise up as a champion of the people when the Senators become too corrupt in a democracy (I encourage you to read those parts, no matter what era you read this in, it is likely to hit home), but we will introduce you toÂ the gist. We chant the mantra “Greed is Good”, we elect oligarchs and not philosopher kings, and our auxiliary class’s leaders are capitalists, and our auxiliary are increasingly capitalist, and our artists are defunded, and our philosophers are increasingly defunded. Why didÂ Plato’s Socrates “Hate Democracy?”Â Because “the many” haven’t spent their life training to be good leaders.Â Like a sea captain is trained to lead a ship, and like a wise sage knows how to temper their base desires, only the wise who are trained to lead a country should be doing so (this is concept is detailed below; but it is well illustrated by theÂ following images). This is Marx in action, this is a faction within theÂ proletariatÂ rising up against the elite class under the banner of an elite who turns against theÂ bourgeoisieÂ “establishment”. This process can be much more paralyzing than a mere personal dictatorship, military or otherwise, without an ideological and totalitarian character. If and when the war is won, and all opponents crushed, do those who are left really think they won’t be next? Perhaps the better way would have been for those leaders to have heeded Plato before creating equality with government handouts ? In November 2020, American autocracy paused at the verge of fascistic tyranny, just one constitutional flaw from tripping over that precipice, in a cycle that repeats every two years. But this is not the type of democracy in existence in the West. ‘loose’—” ” ” ” ‘lose’. It is a general metaphor for life and is explained through a mix of dialogues and metaphors. Who are populists like CaesarÂ or Hitler if not charismatic leaders of the beast of many heads that had become enraged by inequality and the corruption of the ruling class aristocracy in a democratic Republic? See this Golden Mean chart for example (note that democracy and oligarchy are both based on vices of excess; they need to be retrained by true virtues like wisdom, honor, and duty): To Plato, wealth wasÂ the most corrupting of all things (it wasn’t a vice, it was an emblem of the path toward vice). Another example and in fact the classic one that Socrates based his concept was Athens itself. A democracy may be either liberal or illiberal. Socialism, whether national or international, will act in the name of “distributive justice,” as well as “social justice” and “progress,” and thus gain popularity. The philosopher who should have ruled is laughed at for valuing truth more than money and pleasures, the man who is full of vice is looked at through these metaphorical “beer googles”. Phase of Plato ’ s BC our ruling class of oligarchs devised a plan to be “ ”... Equality leads to extreme tyranny and a new sequence let them fill their,... 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